Insufficiently insulated windows often result in costly energy loss. Aluminium windows by heroal minimise this energy loss with thermally separated profiles, special fitting technology and an optimal profile geometry. Replacing old windows is not only an investment in more comfort, it also pays for itself in the long run through savings on energy costs. The modular structure makes it possible to individualise the planning of your windows with insulation classes ranging from highly insulated to passive-house certified. A passive house has no active heating system and is heated only by passive energy sources. This allows for a reduction of up to 75% in heating energy. Passive house windows are an important component in achieving the passive house standard, as windows are one of the main sources of lost heat.
The U-value (heat transfer coefficient) describes the efficiency of a window in terms of thermal insulation and heat transfer. Since the introduction of the German Energy Efficiency Directive (Energieeinspar-Verordnung, EnEV), this has replaced the k-value. This allows the measured values to be compared across Europe. The U-value indicates how much energy per m2of window area can escape from the inside to the outside. A lower heat transfer coefficient means that less heat can escape through the window, representing a higher level of energy efficiency. The thermal transmittance of the entire window (UW) is divided into a Uf and a Ug value, where the Uf value reflects the thermal transmittance of the window frame and the Ug value reflects the value of the glazing
w(w = window): Heat transfer coefficient of the entire window
f(f = frame): Heat transfer coefficient of the window frame
g(g = glazing): Heat transfer coefficient of the glazing
The g-value (solar energy transmittance factor) describes the total energy permeability of a transparent component such as window glass. The g-value consists of two components: the proportion of solar radiation that passes through the window and the heat emitted by the glass to the interior by solar radiation. A g-value of 1 represents a heat gain or an energy transmission of 100%, which represents a complete conversion of the incident solar energy. Windows normally achieve a g-value of 0.85. This means that 85% of solar energy can be converted directly into heat. A more energy-efficient triple glazing achieves a g-value of 0.55. This means that the interior is not heated as quickly by the solar energy. This is particularly advantageous in the summer, as the interior of the building stays cool longer.
There are many components that make the heroal passive house window a particularly effective energy saver. These include the factory profile compound, the heroal foaming process, a special thermal insulation glass, patented thermal break technology, an optimised isothermal curve and themodular insulation zone structure.
In order to achieve passive house certification, windows must not exceed a UW value of 0.8. Since the introduction of the Energy Saving Ordinance (EnEV), the U-value (heat transfer coefficient) has replaced the k-value to provide a uniform, Europe-wide designation. This value describes how much energy or heat per m2 of window area can escape from the inside of the building to the outside. A passive house window has no specifications in regards to materials. It makes no difference whether the windows are made of wood, plastic or aluminium. In principle, any material can be processed into a passive house window as long as it meets the U-value requirements. Passive house windows are certified by the Dr Wolfgang Feist Passive House Institute. According to this institute's standards, the entire window, including the glass and frame, must not exceed a U-value of 0.8. The window should have a g-value of ca 50%. The UW value represents the thermal transmittance of the frame (Uf) and the glass (Ug).